Tamara Mozyes & Shlomi Yaffe
Museum of the History of Polish Jews, September 2014, Warsaw, Poland
Tamara Moyzes and Shlomi Yaffe often refer in their works to contemporary cultural stereotypes and track down their traces in visual culture and in language. They point to the ways in which we perceive the others and discuss the meaning of civic belonging, often on the basis of their own experience of being foreigners.
The duo has based the project carried out as part of the museum residence on the pre-war Warsaw Yiddish theatres and on the features of the Israeli film genre called bourekas which was popular back in the 1960s and the 1970s.
Bourekas are expressive comedies with attributes of melodrama which focus on depicting relations between Mizrahi and Ashkenazi Jews. Influences of the Yiddish literature can be traced in them and the way in which the social features of the inhabitants of an East European shtetl were portrayed in these writings.
Tamara Moyzes and Shlomi Yaffe decided to rely on those two aesthetic foundations – literature and theatre, as well as films – to create a series of three short films using 3D face animation technologies (Vilem Novak, the artist-animator was responsible for this part). Huge format posters promoting the project in the Hollywood style appeared for a short time in Warsaw.
The films by this duo tell us the stories of life of contemporary Israeli figures, shown with the help of animated scenes. The protagonists of the films are: Yitzhak Rabin, Yigal Amir, Mordechai Vanunu, and Tali Fahima.
These figures are played by the actors connected with the Ester Rachel Kamińska and Ida Kamińska State Jewish Theatre – Sylwia Nahaj, Henryk Rajfer, and Kobi Wietzner.
Historical events in which Rabin, Amir, Vanunu and Fahima participated are for Moyzes and Yaffe a point of departure to tackle the notion of stereotypes and identity myths. The issue is particularly important for the artists since they are representatives of the Mizrahim (Yaffe) and Ashkenazi (Moyzes) families.
The screenplays of the films contain other important references to the Bund and Zionism, as well as raise a question of today’s place of Jews in the world. The artists are interested in the fact that although the majority of the contemporary Jewish identity is connected with Israel today, old European cities still bear its traces.
They wanted to express it by referring to the non-existent history. The examples they have chosen were Warsaw Yiddish theatres. They hosted workshops devoted to that issue during which they created an interactive map depicting the history of the Warsaw Jewish theatres.
Answering the question “Where is the home of Jewish culture today?” they distributed posters inspired by the project and the artivism practice of the residents in selected locations where Yiddish theatres were once situated.
An artist and curator of art. A graduate of, inter alia, the New Media Department at the Prague Academy of Fine Arts, and the Bazalel Academy of Arts and Design in Jerusalem. The winner of the EGOART AWARD (2004), nominated for the award of the International Media Arts Biennale WRO (2005). The artist-resident of ARTPORT (Tel Aviv), Villa Waldberta (Feldafing) and the Goethe Institute (Berlin).
Polish Bourecas in Mamuta Art and media centre Jerusalem
Text by Joanna Ostrowska
Museum of the History of Polish Jews
Making of Polish Bourekas:
Created within the framework of the program of artistic residencies “Open Museum – Education in Action”. POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews in Warsaw